Addressing the Unique Needs of Men and Women in Non-Communicable Disease Services
Each year more than 36 million people die due to NCDs. In 2008, this was around 60% of total global deaths (WHO 2013). NCDs include stroke, cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, chronic respiratory illness, diabetes, common mental illnesses, substance abuse, and consequences of violence. Almost 80% of deaths from NCDs now occur in LMICs (WHO 2011), making NCDs the leading cause of premature death and disability. Different gender-related issues affect NCD programming, including different risk-factors for males and females, differences in access to care and care-seeking behavior among women and men, different treatment by providers, and a lack of sex-disaggregated data and gender sensitive indicators. These issues need to be taken into account when designing, implementing, and evaluating NCD intervention strategies and services. If left unaddressed, such issues can undermine program effectiveness and individual patient outcomes.