HIV and AIDS
As coverage of HIV prevention, care and treatment services expands and programs mature, greater attention is being paid to strengthening the capacity of health systems to provide and sustain high quality HIV and AIDS services, including antiretroviral therapy (ART), prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT), voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC), HIV counseling and testing, integration of HIV services with other clinical services, home-based care and community support, injection safety, and medical waste management.
Improvement methods help HIV and AIDS programs to: 1) provide services for all who need them, 2) retain all those who access services in the continuum of care, and 3) achieve optimal health outcomes for all those who are retained in care. Strategies to improve coverage of HIV-infected mothers by PMTCT services, especially in antenatal care and at delivery, and improve the follow-up of mother-baby pairs can maximize the uptake of PMTCT services and promote HIV-free survival by assuring that all eligible infants and mothers get needed PMTCT services. Adult treatment, care, and support can be improved by applying a chronic care model to service delivery and strengthening linkages with community and home-based care.